Sci. Tech. Energ. Transition
Volume 77, 2022
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||08 July 2022|
Experimental optimization of Waste Cooking Oil ethanolysis for biodiesel production using Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, CDER, BP 62 Route de l’Observatoire, Bouzaréah, 16340 Algiers, Algeria
2 Unité de Développement des Equipements Solaires, UDES, Centre de Développement des Energies Renouvelables, CDER, 42415 Tipaza, Algérie
Accepted: 12 May 2022
Biodiesel production from Waste Cooking Oil (WCO) is the most suitable diesel fuel substitute, due to its cleaner emissions, engine lubricity, nontoxic properties, and renewable sources. This study mainly focused on improving biodiesel experimental production using ethanol and investigating the influence of main operating parameters (ethanol–oil molar ratio, catalyst concentration and stirring speed) on biodiesel yield using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The problem with using ethanol at the expense of the toxicity of methanol as an alcohol is mainly the separation of glycerol from biodiesel at the end of the transesterification reaction. However, the addition of 5% (v/v) glycerol and 1% (v/v) water at the end of the reaction has been found to aid this separation and improve oil conversion. The optimization of the produced biodiesel is carried out through three factors: Face-Centered-Composite Design (FCCD), building a mathematical model, and statistical analysis, shows that the experimental results agree with the predicted values; they are close to unity with the R2 value (0.9924), indicating the correctness of the model. The optimal conditions of catalyst concentration (1.62 wt%), stirring speed (200 rpm) and molar ratio of ethanol to oil (12.9:1) were obtained, resulting in a biodiesel efficiency of 89.75%. The model was also experimentally validated, achieving about 90% biodiesel yield. The fuel properties of the ethyl ester were investigated and compared successfully with the EN and ASTM standards and with baseline local diesel (NA 8110).
Key words: Biodiesel / Ethanolysis / Waste Cooking Oil / Transesterification / RSM optimization
© The Author(s), published by EDP Sciences, 2022
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.