Sci. Tech. Energ. Transition
Volume 79, 2024
|Number of page(s)
|16 January 2024
Optimizing PV integration: Addressing energy fluctuations through BIPV and rooftop PV synergy
National Institute of Technology Patna (NIT Patna), Bihar 800005, India
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Accepted: 20 December 2023
The widespread availability and affordability of photovoltaic (PV) systems are driving the future of demand-side generation towards end-user-based PV plants. Building-integrated PV systems offer an additional source of electrical energy, but their power output depends on external factors like solar insolation, weather conditions, geographical location, and earth’s rotation, causing non-constant energy generation, even in ideal weather conditions. In grid-connected systems, this variability leads to fluctuations in grid demand. Both BIVP and rooftop PV systems are photovoltaic-based, but their installation differences result in distinct energy generation characteristics. To address this, we propose an innovative approach to optimally integrate BIPV and rooftop PV systems by leveraging their contradictory energy generation nature. By employing mathematical and evolutionary algorithms to design an optimal system and develop a multi-objective optimization model, we address practical design issues. The outcome of these single and multi-objective systems helps minimize fluctuations in grid dependency throughout the year. The proposed system is validated on the IEEE-33 bus radial distribution network using the B&R X20CP1586 PLC, confirming its effectiveness in ensuring a stable and reliable grid performance while mitigating energy fluctuation impacts.
Key words: PV / BIPV / Roof-top / Optimization / Genetic algorithm / Renewable-energy
© The Author(s), published by EDP Sciences, 2024
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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